Presents trivia on machine and engineering design in the U.S. Invention of Thomas Edison; Information on a study by the Environmental Protection Agency on the effect of pollutants inside and outside vehicles on the cardiovascular status of highway patrol officers; Capacity of the circuit breaker built for an Ohio atomic energy plant owned by Westinghouse Electric Corp.; Fiber developed by Arthur D. Little Inc. for bristles.
The environmental effect from shipping is an area of focus for the maritime industry and for external stakeholders. Even though there are many tools, methods and initiatives, there is still a lack of a holistic approach. This paper presents existing environmental assessment tools and introduces systems engineering as a holistic approach to life cycle designs.
The purpose of this environmental failure case study paper is to provide educational materials for environmental engineering courses dealing with design and operation of landfills for hazardous waste. In 1978, it was discovered that hazardous waste had contaminated homes and schools in the Love Canal area, a former chemical landfill which became a 15 acre neighborhood of the City of Niagara Falls, New York. On August 7, 1978, the United States President Jimmy Carter declared a federal emergency at the Love Canal. The Love Canal became the first man-made disaster to receive such a designation based on a variety of environmental and health related studies. Background, causes and effects of environmental failure, and remediation actions of the Love Canal superfund site are described in this paper. Lessons learned from this case study show the importance of identification of hazardous waste and the proper disposal of hazardous waste for the protection of the public health and the environment.