Even as a student, you will need to recognize the importance of finding a balance between what to share and what to restrict whether you are in the humanities, sciences, or social sciences.
On one hand: open science, reproducible science, funders requiring data sharing, researchers wanting to do “good science” and make progress
On the other hand: protecting the research until publication and/or patenting application process and in some cases protecting data until the research group has gotten everything they can out of it or they are required to share (by funder, publisher, etc.)
Too far in one direction and you may compromise a career (including your own). Too far the other way and you may lose out on potential collaborations and discoveries.
One-person scholarship? Some student work and research in some disciplines really does have only ONE author. However it is essential to give credit to the authors of the works that you used to support your work, and to provide readers with the information they need to locate these sources themselves. Accurately citing your sources leaves a research trail that allows others to locate the materials that you used. Failure to acknowledge sources is plagiarism. See also Undergraduate Student Academic Integrity Policy.
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