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Poverty Point Historic Site

Works Cited

Davis, K., & Stremlau, R. (2001). Poverty Point (c. 1700–700 B.C.). In T. Perdue & M. D. Green, The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Southeast (p. 193). New York: Columbia University Press. 
Ellerbe, J., & Greenlee, D. M. (2015). Poverty Point: revealing the forgotten city: a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Gibson, J. L. (2001). The Ancient Mounds of Poverty Point : Place of Rings. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. Retrieved from
Greenlee, D. M. (2008). Poverty Point State Historic Site. In F. P. McManamon (Ed.), Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia (Vol. 1: Northeast and Southeast, pp. 270–273). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Kidder, T. R. (2014). Archaeology of Poverty Point. In C. Smith (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. New York, NY: Springer New York.
Pauketat, T. R. (2008). AMERICAS, NORTH | Eastern Woodlands. In D. M. Pearsall (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Archaeology (pp. 279–289). New York: Academic Press.
Ensor, B. E. (2003). Crow-Omaha marital alliances and social transformations:  Archaeological case studies on the Taíno, Hohokam, and Archaic Lower Mississippi Valley (Ph.D.). University of Florida, United States -- Florida. Retrieved from
Gibson, J. L. (1973). Social Systems at Poverty Point: An Analysis of Intersite and Intrasite Variability. (Ph.D.). Southern Methodist University, United States -- Texas. Retrieved from
Ortmann, A. L. (2007). The Poverty Point Mounds: Analysis of the chronology, construction history, and function of North America’s largest hunter -gatherer monuments (Ph.D.). Tulane University, United States -- Louisiana. Retrieved from
Torrens, S. (2018). In the Shadow of the Mounds Perforators, Baskets, and the Underappreciated Value of Specialized Labor at Poverty Point (M.A.). State University of New York at Binghamton, United States -- New York. Retrieved from
Blackburn, C. (2003). THE USE OF MAGNETITE AND HEMATITE IN THE POVERTY POINT CULTURE. Central States Archaeological Journal, 50(1), 24–26.
Ford, J. A. (1955). Puzzle of Poverty point. Natural History, 64, 466–472.
Gibson, J. L. (2006). Navels of the earth: sedentism in early mound-building cultures in the lower Mississippi valley. World Archaeology, 38(2), 311–329.
Kidder, T. R. (2002). Mapping Poverty Point. American Antiquity, 67(1), 89–101.
Kidder, T. R., & Sherwood, S. C. (2017). Look to the earth: the search for ritual in the context of mound construction. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 9(6), 1077–1099.
Lear, P. (2007). Poverty Point Baked Clay Objects: A Preliminary Study of Stylistic Motifs. Louisiana Arhcaeology, 27, 99–116.

Mitch, William A. (2013) An evaluation of the distribution of imported lithics within the Yazoo- Mississippi Delta during the Poverty Point period.

Southeastern Archaeology. 1-19. 19p. 6 Illustrations, 2 Charts.
Ortmann, A. L., & Kidder, T. R. (2013). Building Mound A at Poverty Point, Louisiana: Monumental Public Architecture, Ritual Practice, and Implications for Hunter-Gatherer Complexity. Geoarchaeology, 28(1), 66–86.
Americas, A. D. of A. of A., Oceania, and the. (n.d.). Poverty Point (2000–1000 B.C.) | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from
Centre, U. W. H. (n.d.). Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point. Retrieved July 19, 2018, from
History & Artifacts of Poverty Point. (2014, December 16). Retrieved July 17, 2018, from