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A Guide to Mathematics Resources

Recommended resources for Mathematics and Statistics

Math Citation Quick Links

Zotero Citation
Mendeley Citation
Endnote Citation

Options for Managing Citations

Whether you are working toward your dissertation or a short research paper, managing citations and formatting them for your writing is getting easier all the time. There are several options for you to consider:

Caution: Links to citations may not work well for sharing with folks at other institutions, unless they also have libraries with institutional subscriptions to the resource. Also, you may need to remove the WUSTL proxy prepend [] from the start of your links if you want to share them outside of WashU. Please ask if you have questions about this.

Citation Generator - ZoteroBib

There are a lot of free citation generators online, with varying levels of accuracy. ZoteroBib is one of the best. It uses the extensive database of the Zotero Reference Manager and is available free, ad-free, and with no account necessary. Supports over 10,000 citation styles.

Style Guides

Unlike other disciplines, mathematics doesn't have a single accepted way of citing sources. Ask your professor if they have a preferred bibliographic style before submitting a paper. Some faculty have no preference, as long as your sources are cited accurately. Chicago and AMS are two of the more common reference styles found in mathematics journals.

Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style offers two very different methods of citation: (1) notes-bibliography and (2) author-date.

  1. The notes-bibliography method uses footnotes or endnotes to place citations at the bottom of a page or at the end of a paper; these notes refer to the sources that are further detailed in the paper’s final bibliography.
  2. The author-date method uses in-text, parenthetical references that correspond to a final “Reference List.”

While the notes-bibliography system is most commonly used in the humanities and the author-date system is most common in the sciences, you should always check with your instructor or publisher to find out which style you should use.

American Mathematical Society (AMS) Style

With American Mathematical Society (AMS) Style, in-text citations use a # sign in brackets to represent the order that the citation is mentioned in the text of the paper. For example, [5] would indicate that this is the fifth citation found in the text.