If you have additional questions about data management, sharing, and citation - check out DataQ: http://researchdataq.org/
Structured Query Language (SQL) allows you to create, access and manipulate databases. Learn more
NoSQL (or Not Only SQL) are databases are more openly structured and not relational. Learn more.
When deciding where to share your data, ask yourself:
1. Does my discipline have a dedicated repository that makes sense for sharing data?
2. Does myinstitution have a repository to share my data?