Lateral reading helps you determine an author’s credibility, intent and biases by searching for articles on the same topic by other writers (to see how they are covering it) and for other articles by the author you’re checking on. That’s what professional fact-checkers do.
Questions you’ll want to ask include these:
Sort Fact from Fiction Online with Lateral Reading from Standford History Education Group, Jan 16, 2020
Pause and give yourself time to reflect on sources that play on your emotions. Helpful advice about sharing online news stories from Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers by Michael Arthur Caulfield:
Why? Because you’re already likely to check things you know are important to get right, and you’re predisposed to analyze things that put you an intellectual frame of mind. But things that make you angry or overjoyed, well… our record as humans are not good with these things."
Infographic from the American Association of State Colleges and Universities @ https://www.aascu.org/ADP/DigiPoInfographic.pdf