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ART 338X Semiotics Studio: Designing Signs and Symbols

This is a course research guide for Prof. Aggie Toppins', ART 338X Semiotics Studio: Designing Signs and Symbols

St. Louis Archival Sources


1904 World's Fair - archives, museums, secondary sources (books, articles)

Archival guides



     Worldcat (FirstSearch)                           


Note: Worldcat will not show if WU has ebook access. Copy/paste title into WU Catalog.

Primary Sources - Newspapers

As of January 2021 only one newspaper (St. Louis Post-Dispatch) is available in searchable full-text online:

As of January 2021, no St. Louis African American / Black focused newspapers are available in digital format. As an alternative, online access and full-text search is available for the noted African American newspaper, Chicago Defender, which often covered national news as well as Midwest / St. Louis news:

Publications focused on and published by the LGBTQ+ / Queer communities began in 1970.  None of these are keyword searchable, but some selections have been digitized:

Books on the 1904 World's Fair