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A Guide to World History

Reference Works - A Place to Begin

See also subheadings "handbooks, manuals, etc." and "bibliographies" on your topic.

Primo can be searched for eBook encyclopedia content.

Oxforld Bibliographies Online - collections of potential relevance: Art History; Atlantic History; British and Irish Literature; Literary and Critical Theory; Philosophy; Public Health; Sociology; Urban Studies; Victorian Literature

Oxford Reference Online - contains almost 200 dictionary, language reference, and subject reference works published by Oxford University Press

European social history

Encyclopedia of European social history from 1350 to 2000 (2001) print or eBook

The Atlantic World

Encyclopedia of the Atlantic world, 1400-1900 : Europe, Africa, and the Americas in an age of exploration, trade, and empires (2018) eBook

Napoleonic Europe (1789-1815)

An encyclopaedia of Napoleon's Europe (1984) print

Eastern Europe

Encyclopedia of Eastern Europe: From the Congress of Vienna to the fall of communism (2000) print


Germany: A reference guide from the Renaissance to the present (2006) eBook

Modern Germany: An encyclopedia of history, people, and culture, 1871-1990 (1998) print


Twentieth-century Britain: An encyclopedia  (1995) print


Kaleidoscope of Poland: A cultural encyclopedia (2015) print


Russia -- Encyclopedias


Encyclopedia of Western colonialism since 1450 (2007) eBook


Twentieth-century war and conflict : a concise encyclopedia (2015) print 

World War, 1914-1918 -- Encyclopedias.

Jewish History & Antisemitism

Encyclopedia of Jewish history and culture online (2017) eBook

Antisemitism: A historical encyclopedia of prejudice and persecution (2005) print


Encyclopedia of the interwar years : from 1919 to 1939 (2000) print


Useful subheadings

Subheadings "politics and government," "economic conditions," "social life and customs," "social conditions," and "intellectual life" can be useful in providing context for your topic.

When you have identified several primary subject headings on your topic, also search for "historiography" as a subject heading.

European history as a whole is demarked by the following dates: 1789-1900, but narrower subdivisions exist for nation-state and thematic histories. like "19th century," or "1848-1870." 

Academic Journal Databases

Primary Sources

When you are searching for subject headings as part of your quest for secondary sources, pay attention to subheadings like "Sources," "Maps," "Biography," "Correspondence," "Newspapers," "Personal Narratives," etc. The first of these indicates a collection of primary source types; the latter indicate specific types of primary sources.